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  • General Terminology

    Dojang: Place where one trains/gymnasium
    Kwan: School
    Dobok: Uniform
    Dhee: Belt
    Hogoo: Chest Guard used in sparring
    Kee Yahp: Yell
    Kook Gee: Flag
    Kam Sa Ham Nee Da: Thank You
    Chon ma ne yo: You’re Welcome
    Ahn nyong hah say yo: Greetings/Hello
    Kwanjangnim: Head of organization/school owner
    Sabumnim: Master
    Kyosanim: Teacher
    Dan: Black belt rank/degree (1st Dan, 2nd Dan, etc.)
    Gup: Grade/color belt

  • Commands

    Charyot: Attention (stance)
    Kyong-ye: Bow
    Choon Bee: Ready (stance)
    Shee Jak: Begin/Start
    Bahro: Return (to starting position)
    Gu Mahn: Hold/Stop
    Kalyeo: Break/Stop
    Kae Sok: Continue/Resume
    Shee-Yoh: At Ease/Rest
    Bahl Ba-kwah: Switch your stance
    Dwee ro dora: About face/Turn Around
    Dobok Dahn-jung: Fix your uniform
    Dhee Dahn-jung: Fix your belt
    Sun bay nim kay: Face your senior student
    Hai San: Class Dismissed
    Jonglee: Line Up

  • Disciplines of Taekwondo

    Poomsae: patterns/forms
    Kyoruggi: sparring
    Hosinsool: self defense
    Kyeok-pa: breaking

  • Directions

    Ahp: Front
    Yop: Side
    Dwee: Back
    Dolryo: Round
    Ahre: Low
    Naryeo: Downward
    Wen: Left
    O-Ruen: Right

  • Movements

    Mahggi: Block
    Chi-gi: Strike
    Twi: Jumping
    Sogi: Stance
    Cha-gi: Kick

  • Anatomy

    Eolgul: Face
    Momtong: Body
    Joomock: Fist
    Palkoop: Elbow

  • Blocks

    Eolgul Mahggi: Rising Block/High Block
    Momtong Mahggi: Middle (body) Block
    Ahre Mahggi: Down/Lower (leg) Block
    Sohn-nahl Mahggi: Knife-hand Block

  • Strikes

    Chi-gi: Forward Punch
    Eolgul Chi-gi: High/Face Punch
    Momtong Chi-gi: Middle Punch
    Ahre Chi-gi: Low Punch
    Me-Joomock Chi-gi: Hammer Fist Strike
    Dung-Joomock Chi-gi: Back Fist Strike
    Palkoop Chi-gi: Elbow Strike
    Sohn-Nahl Chi-gi: Knife Hand Strike

  • Kicks

    Cha-gi: Kick
    Ahp Cha-gi: Front Snap Kick
    Yop Cha-gi: Side Kick
    Dolryo Cha-gi: Roundhouse Kick
    Naryeo Cha-gi: Axe Kick
    Dwee Cha-gi: Back Kick
    Huryo Cha-gi: Hook Kick
    Mirro Cha-gi: Push Kick

  • Stances

    Sogi: Stance
    Ahp Sogi: Walking Stance
    Ahp Koobee: Long/Front Stance
    Dwee Koobee: Back Stance
    Bom Sogi: Tiger Stance
    Joochoom Sogi: Horseback Riding Stance
    Charyot Sogi: Attention Stance
    Choonbee Sogi: Ready Stance

  • Counting

  • Ordinal Numbers

    Il: first
    Ee: second
    Sam: third
    Sa: fouth
    Oh: fifth
    Yook: sixth
    Chil: seventh
    Pul: eight
    Goo: ninth
    Sip: tenth
    The ordinal numbers are used to name the 8 color belt forms (poomsae).
    For example, the first form taught to color belts is Il Jang. The second is Ee Jang and so on.

  • Sparring Terminology

    Chung: Blue
    Hong: Red
    To call the contestants to the ring, the referee extends the index fingers of both hands and spreads her arms outward and down toward each competitors’ starting marks. She calls Chung first and Hong second.
    Cha-ryot: Attention
    The referee calls the contestants to attention by saying Cha-ryot. At the same time, he lifts both hands to face height with palms facing toward each other.
    Kyong-ye: Bow
    The referee then has the contestants bow to each other. As she says Kyong-ye. She lowers her palms to chest height with finger tips of both hands almost touching.
    Choon bi: Ready
    Stepping into a front stance, the referee drops his right hand between the chests of the competitors with a downward knife hand and calls Choon bi. The competitors enter ready stance by assuming fighting stances.
    Si jak: Begin
    The referee pulls back her front foot and brings both hands quickly together in front of her body with her palms facing each other. At the same time, she says Si jak.
    Kalyeo: Break
    Gu-mahn: Stop
    To stop the match for any reason, the referee again drops his right hand between the competitors into a downward knife hand position while he says Kalyeo or Gu-mahm.
    Kae-sok: Continue
    To resume the match, the referee swiftly removes her hand from between the competitors, stopping her hand beside her ear as she says Kae-sok.
    Chung kyong-go:
    Blue ½ Point Penalty
    Hong kyong-go:
    Red ½ Point Penalty
    Chung gam-jeum:
    Blue Full Point Deduction
    Hong gam-jeum:
    Red Full Point Deduction
    If a competitor commits a penalty, the referee temporarily stops the match by saying Kalyeo or Gu-mahn. The competitors stop. The referee brings his right hand to his left shoulder, straightens his arm, & points his index finger at the offending competitor. He gestures to indicate the specific illegal and says Chung or Hong kyon-go. The competitor should then acknowledge the penalty with a Kyong-ye. For more severe infractions, the referee follows the same procedures except the competitor is given a gam-jeum.
    Chung sung: Blue Wins
    Hong sung: Red Wins
    If blue is the winner, the referee extends her right arm up at a 45 degree angle with her palm up in a knife hand position and says Chung sung. If red is the winner, she does the same, but with her left arm, and says Hong sung.